2013 Singapore cyberattacks - Definition from the Hotspot Shield Glossary

This string of hacks were perpetrated by the online group called Anonymous and were carried out as protest against Singapore’s online censorship regulations.

Singapore has historically enforced public censorship of online material, specifically news and media outlets - This is seen by many as a breach of freedom of speech and contrary to the values of liberty. Various cyber-attacks were carried out, but in particular the individual with the online name of “The Messiah” was responsible for hacking into different websites in Singapore and exposing their security weaknesses.

Other minor attackers were carried out but not to the scale and destructive measures that the group promised. The individual James Raj was later charged in 2013 as being the alleged “The Messiah” and having involvement in the attacks.