What is an IP address?

What is an IP Address and How is it Used?

Before you learn how an IP address works, it's important to know what an IP address is. All computers, tablets, smartphones, and devices connected to the Internet have a unique IP address or Internet protocol, used for identification and communication. It's the equivalent of someone's name and the language they speak.

How Do IP Addresses Work?

How do IP addresses work to deliver information over the Internet? The same way as any other language; they communicate using set guidelines to pass information. All types of devices find, send, and exchange information with other connected devices these protocols. That's why any computer from any location can "talk" to one another; they are "speaking" the same language.

Why Should You Hide Your IP?

Hiding your IP address keeps critical location data such as your city, country, state, and ZIP code private and secure.

I Often Hear About TCP/IP - What is It?

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is the basic communication system for the Internet. Every device connected to the Internet gets a copy of the TCP/IP program.

Transmission Control Protocol & Internet Protocol

How Do the OSI Model and Burgers Come into the Picture?

The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model is a communication system for networks. The OSI model has 7 layers. IP addresses and routing protocols are part of layer 3.

Open Systems Interconnection model

What Is the Difference Between IPV4 And IPV6?

The Internet Protocol Version 4(IPv4) is protocol for use on packed-switched Link Layer networks (e.g. Ethernet). IPv4 provides an addressing capability of approximately 4.3 billion addresses. The Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is more advanced and has better features when compared to IPv4.

TCp IP 4TCp IP 6
Address size32-bit number128-bit number
Address formatDotted decimal notationHexadecimal notation
Prefix notation192.149.0.0/243FFE:F200:0234::/48

Ok, Got It. But, What About the Classes of IP Addresses?

There are five IP address classes. These are classes A, B, C, D and E. The first three classes A, B and C, are commonly used as host addresses. Classes D and E are rarer and represent multicast and research addresses, respectively.

What are IP address classes?

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